Metal heat treating is a metal working process commonly used in industries to disrupt the physical and at times chemical properties of the metals. You may wish to have the metal in a soft or harder form and so, you will employ heating or chilling processes respectively. Advantages of carrying out metal heat treating are outlined in this article.
More toughness, increased strength and durability are some of the advantages you achieve by doing metal heat treatment on your metals. When it comes to the mechanical properties of the metal, they can be enhanced by the use of metal heat treatment. Where you harden the metal by treating it using heat, you also raise its level of toughness. The alloys of that metal are normally heated to a temperature which is above the transformation temperature of the metal and thereafter it is cooled very fast to make the metal that was initially soft become harder and more tough which are much strong. The materials that are already hardened are then relieved from stress and as a result, their stability is also raised.
Secondly, heat treated metals can be welded easily. Heating improves the efficiency of the metal needed in welding. This is because a tempered mental has refined microstructures of the grains and so it has the required strength that is needed to join with other metals during the welding process. Due to the reduced residual effect of the metals which have undergone heat treating, it is much convenient to use them in welding. This is a very essential property as it prevents distortion and cracking after the welding process.
Thirdly, it increases resistance to wear and tear as well as the general lifespan of the metal is lengthened. The metal gains extra strength wear it has been through heat treatment and therefore it can work efficiently without being worn out. Where you use metals that are soft, you should be ready to replace them from time to time as the easily wear out. Where you are to do metal work using the heat treated metals, you will have the confidence of working efficiently as they will not undergo wear or tear. It will be economical to prevent corrosion of the metals by treating them using heat rather than incurring the expenses of buying new ones. It is very rare to find a treated metal being corroded by different substances for example the intense moisture which is notorious in causing corrosion with any metallic materials that comes in contact.
Metal heat treating is also essential in altering both the magnetic and the electrical properties of various metals. The permeability of metals to magnetism is usually altered by heat. Heat can be used to change the magnetic and electric properties of the metal to your desired characteristic.